India's rich-poor divide challenge
1 November 2012 Last updated at 01:09 GMT
In India, the government spends heavily on subsidies so that everyone can afford food staples and other essentials such as cooking gas.
But with growth slowing, it may have to start cutting back.
And in a country where millions of people live on the street or in slums, a very visible sign of the wealth gap, just what sort of impact will this have?
Yogita Limaye has more from Mumbai.