Indonesia's rich-poor divide challenge
1 November 2012 Last updated at 01:05 GMT
One of the biggest jobs facing China's new leadership will be how they deal with a growing wealth gap.
But China's not the only developing Asian giant with this problem, and slowing economic growth is making it harder for everyone to tackle the problem.
So what can governments do to offset the slowdown, and can everyone really benefit?
Karishma Vaswani reports from Jakarta, Indonesia.