Police cuts: Why officers are taking to the streets

"Get shafted and carry on" T-shirt being worn by protesting police officers One of the T-shirts worn by protesting officers

Thursday's demonstration in London by police was a culmination of more than a year of increasing tension between the rank-and-file officers and the government over broader reforms.

Officers have been pouring their anger out online - read the furious (but also rather entertaining) Constable Chaos blog to get a flavour of how officers feel.

On Thursday, they took to the streets in a last-ditch effort to see off major changes to how the job is done.

Police officers cannot strike. The last time they did so was in 1918 and 1919. The government feared anarchy and very quickly banned officers from striking ever again.

So Thursday's protest was to all intents and purposes a traditional piece of industrial action, albeit by people who could not withdraw their labour. The officers who marched took the day off work and they weren't in uniform.

Occupy London protesters come out to support the police Love across the divide: Occupy London protesters come out to support the police

Some 16,000 wore black baseball caps to represent the number of officers that the Police Federation predicts will be lost by 20% budget cuts in England and Wales. Many of the others wore white caps with the words "Enough is Enough!".

The Police Federation estimates that more than 30,000 of its members came to London. If that's accurate, it represents roughly a fifth of all officers in England and Wales.

Police strength reached a record high of roughly 143,000 towards the end of the former Labour government after years of ministers throwing cash at recruitment.

Home Office figures show numbers have fallen back to about 136,000 officers, the lowest figure for a decade. There are approximately 70,000 further police staff, who perform roles that don't necessarily require a sworn officer, but their numbers are falling too.

But coalition ministers say this is not a numbers game. They say Labour ducked for years the bigger issue of what you do with the officers you have.

Fundamental shift
Marchers applauded by working colleages On and off-duty: Marchers applauded by working colleages

At the heart of this strategy is a lot of work on technology and modernisation - but also two reports by Tom Winsor, the tough-talking former rail regulator.

He has proposed a fundamental shift in how the police are paid - awarding the officers who are taking the greatest risks in front line jobs while cutting payments and allowances that are not longer justified in the modern workplace. A response officer - the Pc who has to chase the knife-wielding mugger - would earn more than the colleague in the control room.

His second report argued that it was about time that the police were professionalised and stopped viewing it as some kind of blue collar job for life. His proposals include lifting the ban on compulsory redundancies and potential pay cuts for officers who fail fitness tests.

Even more controversially, he proposed ending retirement after 30 years service - typically meaning at 50 - and said potential high-flyers should be allowed to enter at inspector level, rather than fight their way up the ranks. He called for recruits to have a minimum of three A-Levels and promotion based solely on skills - not time served.

"Policing today is entirely different and yet so much of its ethos is of the past," he said.

Morale rock bottom

The Police Federation sees Winsor Part Two as the "final nail in the coffin". It predicts that the reforms, along with cuts, will lead to a rise in crime.


  • Police will continue to earn more than other emergency services
  • Constables and sergeants will continue to get overtime, unlike prison officers or forces, who also cannot strike
  • Police officers will still retire "earlier than most public sector workers"
  • Police pensions will continue to be "amongst the best available"

As we walked alongside the Thames, Mike, a sergeant from Manchester, said that ministers needed to grasp the real challenges faced by his squad.

"They only deal with crime 40% of their time," he said. "The other 60% of the time we are dealing with other agency's work - the NHS, social services, marriage guidance if we're going to people's homes to sort out a domestic.

"We are the backstop for everyone else - but we don't have a backstop. If a job is passed to us, we deal with it. That's what we do and we accept that."

The Police Federation's battle with the government is bigger than pay alone. Ministers want savings by using more (cheaper) civilian staff in back-office roles. This has led to a vexed question about where the front line ends and the back office begins.

John Marshall, a Metropolitan Police sergeant, said ministers had only given one side of the story.

"The problem is that they keep going on about these back-office roles [that police don't need to do] but they have not defined what they are," he said.

G4S and police epaulette A sign of things to come?

"There are obviously jobs that have to be done and all that will happen is that front-line officers will be redeployed to the back office. It's taking them off the streets."

One of the most dramatic out-sourcing initiatives so far has seen 200 police staff in Lincolnshire Police transferred to private security conglomerate G4S.

PC David Asher from the force said: "I don't know how [the G4S deal] it's going to end up. There are going to be some benefits from the deal, such as new police stations. But it is going to impact on civilian staff that we have who are loyal to the force and there is the point that we are not in this for the profit."

Policing minister Nick Herbert has written an open letter to all officers appealing to them to accept all of the changes as good for their service.

"All organisations have to keep pace with the modern world," he says. "I know that the spending reductions which police forces are required to make are challenging, but they are necessary."

He says the changes are not just about cuts - but about professionalisation, modern training, equipment and cutting bureaucracy. He's also given a guarantee that private companies will not be given powers of arrest and detention.

"Police officers do difficult and often dangerous work and cannot strike. I am determined that we recognise this, treat officers fairly and pay them well," says the minister.

"But we also need to update the service to ensure that the hardest-working officers doing the most difficult jobs will be rewarded, and to acknowledge and reward professional skills and continued development."

Dominic Casciani Article written by Dominic Casciani Dominic Casciani Home affairs correspondent

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  • rate this

    Comment number 228.

    Windsor 2 is not just about costs to individuals, its main purpose is the long term goal to ensure as few officers as possible, actually collect any pension. Not only are pay and conditions being eroded to save money now and in the future, Its purpose is to divide and conquer those within the service under the veil of the current economic climate. None of which can be attributed to the police

  • rate this

    Comment number 227.

    Mr Herbert goes on that we are only paying 1.25% extra for our pension.Yes, this year, and what about the following two years. How much does he pay into his public pension? How much of a payrise did the ministers give themselves. I agree cuts need to be made, but ministers need to look at themselves too, if it's good for the public then they should take a lead services shouldn't they do the same.

  • rate this

    Comment number 226.

    I joined 25 years ago, I had 10 O'Levels, 4 A'Levels and a Degree, I was promoted to Inspector a year ago. That was the right time for me, others have been promoted with less service. The system works and we already attract graduates, however to put a minimum requirement of 3 A'Levels is rediculous ; some of our best Officers have minimal qualifications. It isn't broken so leave it alone.

  • rate this

    Comment number 225.

    The Right Honourable (I use this term loosely!) Nick Herbet has sent out a letter to all officers

    [Unsuitable/Broken URL removed by Moderator]

    He starts off by saying 'Dear colleague' - he ain't no colleague of mine!

    Let's hope he gets a real roasting at the Polfed conference!

  • rate this

    Comment number 224.

    I joined in 1987 with pay and conditions that included a final salary pension. At 20 I made provision for MY future and paid MY money into MY pension. Result was I was skint because of the low salary. I didn't complain when people in the private sector got big bonuses. The Police has been no picnic; lower pay, no bonuses, work anti social hours, but there was MY pension, that I paid for!

  • rate this

    Comment number 223.

    What is this 30 year rubbish anyway? If you include the amount of unpaid and forced overtime we are expected to do, based on a 40 hour week, I think that you will find that will equate to nearer 40 years than 30.

  • rate this

    Comment number 222.

    General theme here is resignation, in my opinion this is exactly wat govt wants. To then replace Police Constables with Special Cons who are virtually free, and PCSOs who are cheaper and can be made redundant. always been a steady flow of specials who r valuable as added extra and now the Met requires service as a CSO prior to recruitment other forces will follow, fed warned this years ago

  • rate this

    Comment number 221.

    Hi Mr Grumpy...

    Guess you dont pay 12.5% to a pension scheme or do shift work or fight with nasty diseased people do you?...guess not..

    Do you have a 'proper' job? 'overpaid' or otherwise prior to your 'proper' retirement?

  • rate this

    Comment number 220.

    Overpaid and over worked - shame! Get real, private sector employers have decided final salary schemes are too expensive. What makes the public sector think their schemes are affordable. You pay taxes too - it`s a bit like pooping in your own nest. Sorry guys and gals, get used to the idea of working till you drop. Your Mum and Dad are the last to have a `proper` retirement!

  • rate this

    Comment number 219.

    Whilst Police march taking place. PC in studio went on news interview as to why officers were marching against cuts to service, conditions and floored programmed questioner insisting front line officers would gain by simple comment "Show me one PC that gains financially in Windsors' proposals". It is a challenge the whole country cannot produce...similar to Mr Windsors ficticious surveys

  • rate this

    Comment number 218.

    Blue collar workers? So Mr Winsor wants to attract new recruits not just blue collar workers, by showing them what the past was and the future will be? Your tactics won't appeal to potential new recruits as you've just undervalued the old ones. For the first time ever I find myself considering employment outside of the Crown. Neglected, undervalued and soon to be forgotten.

  • rate this

    Comment number 217.

    May I suggest the reason the government are promoting the Police Commissioners is they have a very good idea the cuts and changes will harm the service police officers provide in the eyes of the public.
    Commissioners = Someone else to blame for it all going wrong.
    It will take a few sets of elections before the public catch on its the system not the person in charge that is wrong.

  • rate this

    Comment number 216.

    They say that the government do not need more police officers, just use the current levels more efficiently. Well, you have been for a number of years now, there is nothing more to give, your squeezing everything you can get out of us already. Policing is not rocket science, but they will never truly understand what it feels like to be blue.

  • rate this

    Comment number 215.

    Also, the pensions question.... the policitions seem very cross that police officers (on the 1987 scheme) can retire after 30 years' service. If they joined young enough, this might be as young as 50, it's true.
    But remember, these coppers pay over 12% of their salaries for 30 years for this pension!

    I would guess for any police officer, physically and mentally, 30 years is ENOUGH for anyone.

  • rate this

    Comment number 214.

    Winsor wants a more professional police force and this is the way he believes we should be treated? Pay cuts, redundancies, front line officers policing the beat at 59 years of age? And if you can't? Then it's thanks for your loyal service, the years you put your life on the line but now your being made redundant because your too old for the streets. This is not how you treat UK professionals.

  • rate this

    Comment number 213.

    To "brad hardacre" - I recently retired from public service having worked closely with Police officers. All public servants at present are getting negative publicity from most of the media - after all a lot of politicians have close links with them! The majority of the population however very much value most public services, especially the Police. We're all in it together - in public service!

  • rate this

    Comment number 212.

    "He's given a guarantee that private companies will not be given powers of arrest and detention" This needs remembering because it's a lie, Winsor Part 2 is not about modernising Police it's a precursoe to Privatising police...period. I was at the march and what struck me was the diverse range of people that hold the Office of Constable. How diverse post Winsor when 3 A levels are needed?

  • rate this

    Comment number 211.

    Can't you see what the govt are doing?

    They change the rules so police officers can be made redundant. Meanwhile they start 'outsourcing' police roles to private companies who pay peanuts to their staff.

    Result = sack a load of coppers (the heroes), and replace with a bunch of doormen and security guards (the current 'wannabees').

    Govt saves money, but RUINS our Police Service in the process.

  • rate this

    Comment number 210.

    Really not happy with over half my service gone . And joining with a view to enjoying my retirement. The pay freeze was first , then our pension contributions (which are probably double)an average pension being increased. Now I may have to work 'til I'm 60. Where is the motivation in that!!an extra 7 years! I feel I may have to reluctantly vote for Scottish independence -will they look after us!

  • rate this

    Comment number 209.

    I have been on todays march, it was encouraging to see so many of us turn out to push home the message. I fear it may all be wasted shoe leather though. The facts of the matter are we have no re-course other than to resign. We have few employment rights, we can't promote dissafection, with no right to strike and essentially the govt are our totalitarian boss. We are toothless in our own defence.


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