Iowa Republican votes still up for grabs

Mitt Romney campaigning in Iowa (2 January 2012) If Mitt Romney wins the Iowa caucus, it would make him hard to beat

To the sound of Kid Rock's Born Free, a tanned and fit-looking Mitt Romney, dressed in blue jeans and crisp white shirt, bounds on stage. This is politics as stadium rock but the setting is more garage band. In fact, it is the first time I have been to a rally in a garage. Tyres hang on the wall, rusty chains coil around the place and a faint smell of oil permeates the air.

It is a testimony to the intimacy of the Iowa experience. Candidates have done nearly a thousand little events like this one, travelling 23,000 miles in the process.

And tonight it all comes to a head. The polls suggest a pretty tight contest for the top three places between Romney, Ron Paul and Rick Santorum. But Romney doesn't spend much time attacking his opponents.

There is coded stuff in the introductions, about the importance of family - aimed at the thrice-married Newt Gingrich - but nothing in his own speech. It is all aimed at the president. He calls Obama "the great divider, the great complainer".

Romney is behaving as though he already is the anointed Republican candidate and is fighting the presidential election. That's probably a good strategy. The Iowa result matters a lot to him, but he doesn't have to top the poll. Winning doesn't clinch the nomination but it would make him hard to beat.

Second place wouldn't worry him. If he and others have stopped Gingrich's rise, then he has probably dealt with his most serious rival. If he comes third, his team have more work to do, but it is reasonable to argue he could see off Paul and Santorum further down the road.

These bizarre primary contests are, on paper, about gathering votes for an election that will never happen. No-one expects delegates to have to vote at the Republican convention in Florida in August.

The Iowa caucus is even odder. Tonight's vote is not binding on delegates to that convention, so this isn't really any more than a glorified opinion poll. It matters because the media say it matters. Whoever gets the top spot in Iowa will get attention and interest and so momentum going into next week's election in New Hampshire.

It could be Ron Paul who makes it to the top. In a college further down the road in Cedar Rapids, the 76-year-old congressman, standing in front of a funky modernistic stainless steel statue, points out gleefully that there doesn't seem to be anyone over 40 at his rally. One middle-aged man gingerly raises his hand. But the Congressman is right.

In the crowd there's a scattering of tats, beanies and sculpted beards that you might think belong more on Occupy Wall Street than a Republican rally. One youthful group I talk to say they like Paul for his honesty. They say he tells uncomfortable truths and they think he can win voters from the left and the middle ground because of that.

His speech calls for troops to be pulled out not just from America's wars but South Korea, Japan and Germany. He attacks the Patriot Act as incompatible with freedom and civil liberties. He says the middle class have subsidised the privileged. With a bit of editing of the parts about the need to cut a trillion dollars spending in a year, you could mistake him for a left-wing Democrat.

Ron Paul would be an intriguing candidate in a general election. But he's a libertarian, not a conservative, and he would have to work hard to convince many Republicans he's the man they want.

The story of this contest so far has been the rise and fall of the candidates who could rival Mitt. First Bachmann, then Perry, then Cain and finally Newt. It was a puzzler why Rick Santorum, the earnest Christian conservative, seemed to make no impact, especially as he was working so hard in Iowa.

Now it seems his reward has come and his turn to surge has coincided with an actual vote. If he should top the poll, there is no reason why he should not build on that success although some say he has no organisation in other states, and not enough money either.

In a way, who does badly may be more important than who does well. A poor result for Bachmann, Perry or Newt may not kill them off straight away, but they may find cash and support begin to haemorrhage. You can find out what actually does happen as it happens here and on our live page.

Mark Mardell Article written by Mark Mardell Mark Mardell Presenter, The World This Weekend

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  • rate this

    Comment number 161.

    The founding fathers knew about the religious wars in Europe, so they crafted a secular republic. "Modern" right-wing Americans don't, so the Bachmans and Santorums don't realize, or don't care, what will happen if the church-state divide is breached. Considering they hate "Shariah," is it just stupidity that they want a "Christian Shariah?"

  • rate this

    Comment number 160.

    Scott: fracking waste water was being injected back in the earth

    Its just plain wrong

    I saw a report on PBS about Wyoming+ they said its now one of the most contaminated places in US due to fracking

    No one is really speaking up or talking about fracking
    but it could very well
    ruin our environment
    in a way we can never get back

    Is oil really worth more than America?

  • rate this

    Comment number 159.

    Not to mention he was a paranoid former [ex-?] seminarian and mass murderer. Most real socialists don't consider "Communism" true Socialism, which is why , when Communists take over the Socialists and less murderous "Communists" are the first to be murdered.

    In Russia, Lenin first murdered the Mencheviks and then the Socialists; putting them together is inaccurate.

  • rate this

    Comment number 158.

    #157 "For me, Stalin is a staunch socialist, but I wouldn't really consider any of Europe's leaders as socialists."

    As far as I know, Stalin was the chairman of the Communist Party in Soviet Russia. There was no other party other than the Communist Party.

    Hence, he was a Communist, not a Socialist.

  • rate this

    Comment number 157.

    Ok Mr Clarkson. In an attempt to find some common ground, perhaps it is fair to say that Americans and Brits have different definition's of socialism.

    For me, Stalin is a staunch socialist, but I wouldn't really consider any of Europe's leaders as socialists. For me healthcare, education etc, are basic entitlements. But in America, it's different.

    Each to their own!

  • rate this

    Comment number 156.

    #139 "Really? What about representative government?"

    I was talking about the principles upon which Ron "The Clown" Paul bases his isolationist policy. Namely the founding fathers' warning against "foreign entanglements", the warning against a standing army and so forth. That is his Achilles's heel and that is why voting for him are wasted votes.

  • rate this

    Comment number 155.

    McJakome (154),

    "152.Chryses, join the club ... Everyone knows about K St. everyone knows about gifts and future jobs for present votes, but let's not call a spade a spade."

    But, but, but ... we must be Politically Correct!


  • rate this

    Comment number 154.

    152.Chryses, join the club.
    My post mentioning corrupt practices in DC was moderated away because the BBC believes corruption should be left unexposed; or at least some moderators do. Everyone knows about K St. everyone knows about gifts and future jobs for present votes, but let's not call a spade a spade.

  • rate this

    Comment number 153.

    "Scary stuff. Seems clear the science behind fracking was not explored thoroughly enough before the technology was allowed into use."
    Now who would believe that hard-working capitalists would endanger the public health and lives just to make a profit? Certainly not the GOP and their cheerleaders here. And let's get rid of pesky regulations too.

  • rate this

    Comment number 152.

    4th January 2012 - 22:38
    Your comment has been referred for further consideration."

    How amusing! A post "referred for further consideration" because I quoted post #26 by helo thar, which is there for all to read.


  • rate this

    Comment number 151.

    helo thar (26),

    "... May the best racist, homophobe or brainwashed religious fanatic win! ..."

    That wasn’t possible, as the Democrat candidates were ineligible.

  • rate this

    Comment number 150.

    #149 "But hey, who's the one with the $15tn budget deficit."

    Relation to Europeans being socialists? None

    #138 "Whenever anybody suggests any sort of program that may help others access the most basic of entitlements in the Western World (healthcare, education) etc, they are labelled a socialist."

    Outrageous, I know. Socialism means something else entirely, right?

  • rate this

    Comment number 149.


    Well Scott, rather the "socialist" healthcare system of Europe to the "pay or you die" US Healthcare system.

    It's very simple...
    Healthcare, Education, Food, Housing - Entitlements
    iPads, Sky TV Subscriptions, Two week holidays to California - Not Entitlements.

    But hey, who's the one with the $15tn budget deficit.

  • rate this

    Comment number 148.

    re. 147: Lucy J, I caught that story about earthquakes where fracking waste water was being injected back in the earth for disposal in an area where earthquakes were previously almost unknown. Scary stuff. Seems clear the science behind fracking was not explored thoroughly enough before the technology was allowed into use.

  • rate this

    Comment number 147.

    Scott: to pick up the tab for the older generation's "buy now, pay later" excesses

    Whether it be borrowed money for wars, foreign aid etc
    whether it be a ruined enviroment from fracking contaminating water fracturing the Earth's ground +earthquakes

    We reap what we sow

    Is there anything that means more to us than our children?

    Ask the village from Pied Piper of Hamelin!!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 146.

    143. Scott0962:

    Answer: They enjoy the view from their moral high ground?

    Europeans will probably never understand the American psyche re: our constitution, individual liberties, etc. The truth is they don't have to. We just have to make sure our own politicians do. ;-)

  • rate this

    Comment number 145.

    Scott: Religious freedom, free speech, trial by jury, etc?

    Will Americans still have Constitutional rights in 10 years?

    In all honesty, I don't think we will

    This is why Ron Paul has struck such a chord

    Never before has our freedom been threatened by corruption+money like it is today

    Ron Paul represents the Constitution to me+ thats why I like him

  • rate this

    Comment number 144.

    140. Scott0962:

    Ron Paul represents a voice of reason. The problem is his are not feel-good, we-can-have-it-all positions. They're more hard-line, bottom-line and grown-up positions.

    I just don't think Americans are ready for harsh reality despite all their clamoring for change. They aren't ready for real change. They can't even stomach a change in political party at this point.

  • rate this

    Comment number 143.

    re. #138.TokyoMoscowSeoul wrote: "
    This is the problem with America. Whenever anybody suggests any sort of program that may help others access the most basic of entitlements in the Western World (healthcare, education) etc, they are labelled a socialist."

    Europeans have thoroughly embraced the perks of socialism, but are embarassed to admit they're socialists. Why is that?

  • rate this

    Comment number 142.

    137. powermeerkat

    "Remember when Reverend Al Sharpton was a candidate for president?"

    Remember Jesse Jackson?

    LOL. The irony, of course, is that no one would have dared called them clowns, monkeys, extremists, uneducated, etc. They were probably considered a triumph of democracy or something like that. Gotta love PC Americans.


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