SocGen trader Kerviel slammed for 'stratospheric' risks
Alleged Societe Generale "rogue trader" Jerome Kerviel took "stratospheric" risks that almost brought down the bank, an ex-colleague told a court.
Mr Kerviel, 33, is blamed for losses of 4.9bn euros (then worth £4.3bn).
He has been under investigation since SocGen unveiled the losses in 2008, which it said were caused by unauthorised deals carried out by him.
On trial in Paris, he denies accusations of forgery, breach of trust and unauthorised computer use.'Disappointed'
Salim Nemouchi, who worked on the SocGen trading desks, said Mr Kerviel "put in danger" the bank by making trades "for stratospheric amounts".
"I can't explain his actions. I am disappointed by his behaviour," Mr Nemouchi said. "All traders have limits they must respect."
Mr Kerviel has always maintained the bank knew about the risky deals, but turned a blind eye to them.
He admitted frequently passing trading limits and logging fake transactions to cover his gambles.
Mr Nemouchi told the court he was not aware such practices were common - causing Mr Kerviel to interject, saying: "I am very surprised. It was obvious."
JEROME KERVIEL TIMELINE
- 1977: born in Brittany, France
- 2000: joins Societe Generale, working in the bank's "back office" administration, where he learns directly about its processes and controls
- 2005: moved to USG's "front office" business, joining the arbitrage department, where he trades European stock futures
- Late 2007: French stock market officials warn SocGen of irregular trading by Mr Kerviel
- Jan 2008: arrested following an internal SocGen investigation that identifies his hidden 50bn euros trading position, which SocGen unwinds at a loss of 4.9bn euros
- Feb 2008: jailed and interrogated as part of a police investigation
- Mar 2008: released from custody, but accused of breach of trust, falsifying documents and breaching computer security
- May 2008: SocGen publishes two internal reports that say Kerviel worked alone, as Daniel Bouton steps down as the bank's chief executive
- Aug 2008: SocGen fined 4m euros for control failures that allowed Mr Kerviel's activity to go undetected
- Aug 2009: formally charged
- May 2010: publishes his autobiography, "Memoirs of a Trader"
- June 2010: trial begins in Paris
The trial in Paris is expected to last three weeks. Mr Kerviel could face five years in prison as well as a fine of 375,000 euros if convicted.
SocGen is also expected to submit a symbolic claim against its former employee for the recovery of the full 4.9bn euros that his trading position cost them.
The revelation about the unauthorised deals shook the financial markets, but was soon overtaken by the global sub-prime mortgage crisis, the collapse of Lehman Brothers and Bernard Madoff's Ponzi scheme.
SocGen was fined 4m euros by the French regulator for weaknesses in its internal controls and has since spent about 130m euros on tightening its systems.
Mr Kerviel's lawyer, Olivier Metzner, is expected to argue that high-risk trades at SocGen were normal and that his client's managers knew what he was doing.
He may also claim that the bank decided to turn against Mr Kerviel in order to divert attention away from SocGen's large losses in the US sub-prime mortgage market.
Societe Generale's lawyer, Jean Veil, has accused Mr Kerviel of "duplicity" for reassuring his bosses that nothing was wrong.
On Wednesday, Mr Kerviel's former boss had told the court the accused was "not Robin Hood".
"Jerome Kerviel is the trader who lost the largest amount of money in the world," Jean-Pierre Mustier said, who also turned on the accused for lying to him.
The police investigation into Mr Kerviel concluded early on that he had not personally profited from his activities and had not committed fraud.