Struggle for Central Asian energy riches

Oil network of Central Asia

map showing four clickable areas to see photos Burgas-Alexandroupolis Pipeline South Caucasus Trans-Caspian Kazakhstan to China Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC)

Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipeline

15 March 2007 - Russian, Greek and Bulgarian ministers sign a deal
for a pipeline carrying Russian oil from the Black Sea to the Aegean

Route: Bulgaria (Burgas)- Greece (Alexandroupolis) Distance: 279km Capacity: initial 300kb/d (15mt/y), potentially up to 1mb/d (50mt/y) Estimated Cost:. 1bn euros Stakeholders: Russian state consortium (51%), Bulgaria and Greece (24.5% each).

South Caucasus

Laying of BTC oil pipeline

Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline Opened: 2006 Route: Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey Distance: 1,768km Capacity: current 1mb/d (50mt/y), expansion to 1.2mb/d (6 mt/y) and potentially to 1.8mb/d (90mt/y). Stakeholders: BP (30%), SOCAR of Azerbaijan (25%), other oil firms
Trans-Anatolian pipeline (TAP or Samsun Ceyhan) Route: Turkey (north-south) Distance: 555km Capacity: 1.5mb/d (75mt/y), initial 1mb/d (50mt/y). Estimated cost: 2bn euros Stakeholders: TAPCO, a company jointly owned by Eni (Italy) and Calik Enerji (Turkey). Earliest completion date: 2011


Tanker at Caspian terminal

Kazakhstan-Caspian Transportation System (KCTS) Route: Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan Distance: 750 km pipeline + trans-Caspian transport Capacity: 500kb/d (25mt/y), potentially up to 1mb/d (50mt/y) Estimated cost: $3bn Stakeholders: Azeri/Kazakh governments, companies involved in Tengiz and Kashagan projects. Estimated completion date: 2012

Kazakhstan to China

Kaztransoil storage tanks

Opened: 2004 (first section) Route: Kazakhstan-China in three stages Distance: 2,163km Capacity: Currently 200kb/d (10mt/y), eventually up to 400kb/d (20mt/y). Stakeholders: CNPC (China) and Kaztransoil (Kazakhstan)

Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC)

Karachaganak oil refinery and workers in snow

Opened: 2001 Route: Kazakhstan(Tengiz)-Russia(Novorossiisk) Distance: 1,510km Capacity: Currently 650kb/d (32.5mt/y), to expand to 1.34mb/d (67mt/y). Estimated cost of expansion: $2.5bn Stakeholders: 50% private firms, 50% states (Russia and Kazakhstan have the biggest shares)

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