Struggle for Central Asian energy riches

Oil network of Central Asia

map showing four clickable areas to see photos Burgas-Alexandroupolis Pipeline South Caucasus Trans-Caspian Kazakhstan to China Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC)

Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipeline

15 March 2007 - Russian, Greek and Bulgarian ministers sign a deal
for a pipeline carrying Russian oil from the Black Sea to the Aegean

Route: Bulgaria (Burgas)- Greece (Alexandroupolis) Distance: 279km Capacity: initial 300kb/d (15mt/y), potentially up to 1mb/d (50mt/y) Estimated Cost:. 1bn euros Stakeholders: Russian state consortium (51%), Bulgaria and Greece (24.5% each).

South Caucasus

Laying of BTC oil pipeline

Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline Opened: 2006 Route: Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey Distance: 1,768km Capacity: current 1mb/d (50mt/y), expansion to 1.2mb/d (6 mt/y) and potentially to 1.8mb/d (90mt/y). Stakeholders: BP (30%), SOCAR of Azerbaijan (25%), other oil firms
Trans-Anatolian pipeline (TAP or Samsun Ceyhan) Route: Turkey (north-south) Distance: 555km Capacity: 1.5mb/d (75mt/y), initial 1mb/d (50mt/y). Estimated cost: 2bn euros Stakeholders: TAPCO, a company jointly owned by Eni (Italy) and Calik Enerji (Turkey). Earliest completion date: 2011

Trans-Caspian

Tanker at Caspian terminal

Kazakhstan-Caspian Transportation System (KCTS) Route: Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan Distance: 750 km pipeline + trans-Caspian transport Capacity: 500kb/d (25mt/y), potentially up to 1mb/d (50mt/y) Estimated cost: $3bn Stakeholders: Azeri/Kazakh governments, companies involved in Tengiz and Kashagan projects. Estimated completion date: 2012

Kazakhstan to China

Kaztransoil storage tanks

Opened: 2004 (first section) Route: Kazakhstan-China in three stages Distance: 2,163km Capacity: Currently 200kb/d (10mt/y), eventually up to 400kb/d (20mt/y). Stakeholders: CNPC (China) and Kaztransoil (Kazakhstan)

Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC)

Karachaganak oil refinery and workers in snow

Opened: 2001 Route: Kazakhstan(Tengiz)-Russia(Novorossiisk) Distance: 1,510km Capacity: Currently 650kb/d (32.5mt/y), to expand to 1.34mb/d (67mt/y). Estimated cost of expansion: $2.5bn Stakeholders: 50% private firms, 50% states (Russia and Kazakhstan have the biggest shares)

More Asia-Pacific stories

RSS

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.