Struggle for Central Asian energy riches

Gas network of Central Asia

map showing four clickable areas to see photos 'Southern Corridor' pipelines Turkmenistan to China Pipelines to Russia:

'Southern Corridor' pipelines

Partner countries signing South Stream deal

Nabucco Route: Turkey - Bulgaria - Romania - Hungary - Austria Distance: 3,300km Capacity: initial 8bcm/y, up to 31bcm/y Estimated Cost: 7.9bn euros Stakeholders: OMV (Austria), MOL (Hungary), Transgaz (Romania), Bulgargaz (Bulgaria), BOTAS (Turkey), RWE (Germany). Earliest completion date: 2013 (for initial capacity)
South Stream Route: Russia (Beregovaya) - Bulgaria (Burgas) Distance: 900km (offshore section) Capacity: 63bcm/y Stakeholders: Gazprom (Russia), Eni (Italy). Earliest completion date: end of 2015

Turkmenistan to China

Opening of Turkmenistan-China gas pipeline, Samandepe, Turkmenistan, 14 Dec 09

Opened: 2009 Route: Turkmenistan - Uzbekistan - Kazakhstan - China Distance: 2,000km to China border Capacity: 30bcm/y (possible expansion up to 40bcm/y) Stakeholders: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China Estimated Cost: 14bn euros

Pipelines to Russia

Gas installation at Aktobe, Kazakhstan

Upgrading of Central Asia-Centre pipeline Opened: 1967 (first section) Route: Turkmenistan / Uzbekistan Kazakhstan Russia Capacity: from current 45-55 bcm/y capacity to 90 bcm/y Stakeholders: Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
Caspian Coastal pipeline Route: Turkmenistan - Kazakhstan - Russia Distance: 1,700km (500km in Turkmenistan, 1,200km in Kazakhstan) Capacity: 20bcm/y Stakeholders: Turkmengaz (Turkmenistan), KazMunaiGaz (Kazakhstan) and Gazprom (Russia). Earliest completion date: 2010-2011

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