1 June 2010
Last updated at 12:46
Sculptor Louise Bourgeois, best known for her spider sculptures, has died at the age of 98 after suffering a heart attack. The French-born artist worked in a variety of materials to explore themes including betrayal and anger.
Bourgeois did not receive major recognition from the wider art world until she was 70 when New York's Museum of Modern Art staged a solo show of her work in 1982. She is pictured with her 1970 marble sculpture Eye to Eye.
Much of Bourgeois' work related to family relationships. The Destruction of the Father (1974) represents a table headed by a tyrannical father whose terrified family are driven to attack him. Bourgeois said her father's infidelity had caused her pain.
Bourgeois' installation of three steel towers, I Do, I Undo and I Redo, was the first piece displayed in the Turbine Hall of London's Tate Modern when it opened in 2000. Its mirrors reflect the encounters between viewer and installation.
Her relationship with the Tate Modern continued in October 2007 when a retrospective of her work opened at the gallery. Bourgeois, who became a US citizen in 1955, said her series of giant spiders - entitled Maman - were presented as symbols of her mother.
The retrospective, spanning seven decades and featuring more than 200 works in a variety of materials, was also hosted at the the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and New York's Solomon R Guggenheim Museum.
The prolific artist worked extensively on depictions of both the male and female forms. In later life, Bourgeois, whose parents ran a firm restoring antique tapestries, worked with fabrics.
Time magazine's art critic Robert Hughes described the sculptor as "the mother of American feminist identity art". He added: "Bourgeois' influence on young artists has been enormous."