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The Common Crane (Grus grus) is the only one of the world’s 15 species of crane which has ever been native to Britain. They like extensive wetlands and breed in remote marshy areas in North and North Eastern Europe. Cranes make a loud bellowing or trumpeting call often in the early morning.
Cranes have long straight necks and a wingspan of around seven feet. They look a little like herons when standing but have smaller heads and beaks as well as a neck which widens to a thick base. Adults are mainly grey with black and white on the head and neck and a patch of red on the top of the head. Their feathers also droop into what appears to be a big ‘bushy’ tail when the bird is standing.
They call and display in pairs with their heads thrown back and beaks pointing upwards. This usually happens at their nesting sites. The birds perform a dance, not just as part of a courtship ritual but existing pairs also dance to reinforce their ‘marital’ bonds.
The male raises his wings over his back while the female keeps hers folded they then exchange calls and ‘dance’, bowing, jumping, throwing sticks and flapping their wings.
See the rather flamboyant mating display of the Common Crane:
Listen to the sound of Common Cranes on the RSPB website:
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Cranes like marshland and bogs. East Anglia is a suitable habitat for Cranes and is one of the more likely places for seeing them in the UK. There’s Hickling Broad, on the Norfolk Broads and Pensthorpe in Norfolk has a captive population of Cranes, while Lakenheath Fen in Suffolk which was transformed from a carrot field into a wetland nature reserve more than 10 years ago, has attracted breeding wild birds.
There are few breeding sites in Britain. In 2007 Cranes were found breeding in the fens of East Anglia for the first time in 400 years. Drainage of the fens for agricultural use led to the birds disappearance in the 1600s. RSPB figures suggest there are now four breeding pairs in the UK and around 40 birds which pass through the UK on migration.
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