Modern humans, Cro Magnon
Modern humans were first discovered in Europe 40,000 years ago.
Meaning of scientific name
Varies around the world. Records of 120 years have been reached, but more usually around 70.
Males 1.8m tall (6.), Females 1.65m tall (5.6..).
Modern humans 30,000 years ago, called Cro Magnons, looked very like us! There was a great deal of variation in their features, as is seen today.
First discovered in Europe 40,000 years ago, modern humans spread from the Middle East and North Africa.
They would have inhabited plains and valleys.
They were omnivorous - each campsite seems to show different favourite prey animals. Rabbits and hares were among the most popular, along with reindeer, foxes and horses. In one camp in Italy, though, the humans seem to have specialised in hunting tortoises!
We have the remains of huts that Cro Magnons built, their spectacular carvings and paintings, and even jewellery. The carvings include human figures showing people wearing woven clothing, and there are also ritual burials where the body is covered in ivory beads that seem to have been sewn onto cloth, which has since disintegrated. They clearly had complex social networks and artistic tendencies and were little different from humans today.
Humans are very common in most habitats, and exceptionally widespread, living on every continent except Antarctica.
Modern humans, whose skeletons are identical to our own, are first found in Europe around 40,000 years ago, having spread from the Middle East and North Africa.
They evolved 100,000 years ago. Modern humans evolved from hominids living in North Africa and the Middle East, which were probably also the ancestors of Neanderthals.
We are most closely related to chimpanzees and bonobos.