The ocelot's attractive coat once made it a prime target of the fur trade.
L.p.aequatorialis, L.p.albescens, L.p.maripensis, L.p.mitis, L.p.pseudopardalis, L.p.pusaeus, L.p.sonoriensis, L.p.steinbachi.
Ocelots live for 7-10 years in the wild, and up to 20 years in captivity.
Body length: 70-100cm, Tail length: 27-45cm, Shoulder height: 40-50cm, Weight: male: 10-11.5kg, female: 8.8-9.4kg.
There is a marked variation in size and coat pattern in ocelots. They have black-edged dark brown irregular spots, rosettes and stripes on a yellow/cream base fur, often with a paler underside. The body is slender.
Ocelots are found in central America and northern countries of South America, but not Chile.
They can be found in forested areas, swampy savannah and scrubland.
Ocelots hunt small deer, rodents, rabbits, birds, reptiles and occasionally fish.
They are nocturnal and terrestrial but sleep during the day in low branches. The males and females often share territories of up to 5 square km in area. They are also good swimmers.
After a gestation period of 79-85 days, females give birth to 1-3 kittens which weigh 90g at birth.
Ocelots are not listed by the IUCN but are on CITES: Appendix I. They were heavily exploited by the fur trade, and their long gestation and small litter size makes recruitment rates back into the population slow. Ocelots are relatively tolerant of human settlement.