Pampas Cat, Chilean pampas cat, grass cat
Little is known about these small South American cats, and the subspecies vary considerably from each other.
O.c.braccatus, O.c.budini, O.c.colocolo, O.c.crespoi, O.c.garieppi, O.c.munoai, O.c.paajeros, O.c.thomasi.
Pampas cats have an average lifespan of nine years, but can live for up to 16.5 years.
Body length: 53-70cm, Tail length: 27-35cm, Shoulder height: 30-35cm, Weight: 3-6kg.
Pampas cats have a long coat that varies from yellowish-white to brown or silvery-grey. They are small and sturdy cats with a small head, thick, bushy tail and tufted, pointed ears.
There is a large degree of variation between the different subspecies - the northern cats have rust-coloured rosettes and the western subspecies have black feet.
Pampas cats live in South America from Ecuador to Patagonia.
Their preferred habitat is open grassland and forest.
Pampas cats hunt small mammals, especially guinea-pigs, and ground birds.
They are primarily terrestrial but they often take cover in trees. They are probably nocturnal but little is known about their habits.
Females give birth to 1-3 kittens after a gestation period of about 70 days.
Pampas cats are not listed by the IUCN. They are on CITES: Appendix II. Pampas cats are threatened by loss of habitat due to human settlement and domestic grazing.