Before eating millipedes, brown lemurs salivate on them and roll them in their hands for a few minutes, possibly because some species are poisonous.
E.f.albifrons, E.f.fulvus, E.f.mayottensis, E.f.rufus, E.f.collaris, E.f.sanfordi, E.f.albocollaris.
Head and body length: 40-50cm, Tail length: 50-55cm, Weight: 2.1-2.4kg.
Brown lemurs range in colour from grey to brown, depending on the individual and gender.
Brown lemurs inhabit Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.
They live in deciduous forest and closed-canopy forest.
Brown lemurs feed on fruit, leaves, sap, flowers, bark, soil, insects, centipedes and millipedes.
Brown lemurs are arboreal and spend 95 per cent of their time in the upper layers of the forest. They are cathemeral (active at varying times throughout the 24hr period). They live in multimale-multifemale groups, with about 13-18 members. Brown lemurs move through the canopy quadrupedally and by leaping.
After a gestation period of 130 days, one to two infants are born between August and October.
E.f.albifrons, E.f.fulvus and E.f.rufus are in the Lower Risk category of the IUCN Red List. E.f.collaris and E.f.sanfordi are listed as Vulnerable. E.f.albocollaris is in the Critically Endangered category.