Black-handed spider monkey
Spider monkeys are so named because of their long, spidery limbs. Their prehensile tail acts like a fifth limb when swinging through the canopy.
Head and body length: 30-63cm, Tail length: 59-84cm, Weight: Females: 6-8.9kg, Males 7.5-9kg.
Spider monkeys have distinctly long, slender limbs, and a long prehensile tail with a hairless area on the underside. The fur is gold-brown or red to dark brown and they have black hands and feet.
Black-handed spider monkeys range throughout Central America from Veracruz (Mexico) to west Panama.
They inhabit rainforest, semi-deciduous forest and mangrove forest.
Black-handed spider monkeys mainly feed on fruit, but they also eat leaves, seeds, flowers and animal prey.
Their group sizes vary from 4-35 individuals, and there are usually nearly twice as many males in the troop than females. The troop may split into smaller groups if resources are scarce. They are diurnal and arboreal. They move through the forest quadrupedally or by suspending themselves. Spider monkeys are also capable of moving bipedally across branches.
After a gestation period of 210-225 days, females give birth to one infant.
Colombian, ornate, Yacata and black-browed spider monkeys (subspecies of black-handed spider monkeys) are considered to be Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List. Hooded and Panama spider monkeys are listed as Endangered; and Azuero and brown-headed spider monkeys are listed as Critically Endangered.