Pallas cat, manul
These Asian cats have adapted to a life at high altitudes, with thick fur and low-set ears to protect against the cold.
O.m.ferrugineus, O.m.manul, O.m.nigripectus.
Pallas cats live for 11.5 years.
Body length: 50-65cm, Tail length: 21-31cm, Shoulder height: Unknown, Weight: 2.5-5kg.
Pallas cats are about the size of domestic cats and have long sandy grey or russet-red fur tipped with white. They have short, stumpy legs and a small broad head. The ears are low set and they have a ruff around their heads.
Pallas cats range from Central Asia from Iran to West China.
They inhabit steppe, desert and rocky mountain regions up to high altitudes (over 4,000m). Their thick fur insulates against the cold.
Pallas cats hunt small mammals, such as pikas and rodents, and birds.
They are usually crepuscular (active at dawn and dusk) and are elusive and solitary. They live in dens in the old burrows of other animals or in caves and rock crevices.
Pallas cats give birth to 5-6 kittens after a gestation period of 66-67 days.
The subspecies O.m. ferrugineus is listed by the IUCN as Lower Risk. Pallas cats were formerly hunted in large numbers for the fur trade. Threats now include loss of small prey in some areas.