This is the smallest of all the baboons.
Guinea baboons can live for over 40 years.
Body length: 68cm, Tail length: 56cm, Weight: 17kg.
Guinea baboons have a reddish-brown coat. The mane of the adult male is shorter than in other baboon species.
Guinea baboons inhabit Senegal, Mauritania, Guinea and Sierra Leone.
Guinea baboons prefer evergreen gallery forest and woodland savannah. They avoid tall grass, as this hinders their ability to spot predators.
They feed on grass, seeds, young leaves, fruits, tubers, cereals, invertebrates, young birds and small mammals.
Guinea baboons live in multi-male, multi-female groups. The typical social-structure is for 1 male and 3-4 females to forage separately in a subgroup, and then for several subgroups to gather together for the night at a sleeping site. They are diurnal and spend most of their time on the ground.
After a gestation period of 184 days, females give birth to one infant.
Guinea baboons are in the Lower Risk category of the 2000 IUCN Red List.