Lion-tailed macaque, wanderoo
As well as having a tail like a lion's, this species also has a mane. They are also known as wanderoos.
Lion-tailed macaques have a lifespan of 38 years.
Body length: 40-61cm, Tail length: 24-38cm, Weight: Male 5-10kg, Female 3-6kg.
Lion-tailed macaques have a long, brown-grey mane around the face. They have a black body and black tail, with a slight tuft of hair on the tip.
Lion-tailed macaques live in south-western India.
They inhabit evergreen, broadleaf forest in hilly country, up to 1500m.
They feed on leaves, roots, sprouts, nuts, fruit and invertebrates.
Lion-tailed macaques live in variable groups, sometimes with just one male and many females, or there may be two males and many females. This species has overlapping territories and troops may temporarily split into sub groups. Lion-tailed macaques are active during the day. They spend the majority of their time in the trees, and are cautious when on the ground.
After a gestation period of 162-186 days, females give birth to 1 young, which weighs about 450g at birth.
Lion-tailed macaques are classified as Endangered by the IUCN Red List. They are considered to be the most endangered monkey, with only 400 individuals left in the wild. They are hunted for their flesh and fur.