Zona Volcánica de la Garrotxa Natural Park in Girona Spain

European wildlife

Europe is defined as a separate continent in political terms, but biogeographically it's part of Eurasia. Europe has few natural wilderness areas as most of its habitats have been created or influenced by mankind over millennia. Left alone, most of Europe would revert to forest, as it was after the end of the last ice age. Even today, some 25% of the land is forested, if you include managed woodlands. Europe's original fauna and flora were therefore mostly forest dependant or tolerant species, such as bears, boar and badgers. As agriculture opened up the landscape, opportunities arose for other species.

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