Przewalski's horse wandering the Mongolian steppe

Wild horse

With their power and beauty horses have had a long association with humans. Today there are only two surviving subspecies of wild horse: Przewalski's horse, or Mongolian wild horse, and the common domesticated horse. A third subspecies, the Tarpan or Eurasian wild horse, survived up until the 1920s before becoming extinct.

The Critically Endangered Przewalski's horse has recovered from the brink of extinction and is the last true wild horse, only surviving in Mongolian reserves and national parks. However it is still not known from which subspecies our familiar domesticated horses are descended. Roaming herds of untamed domestic horses are also known as wild horses.

Scientific name: Equus ferus

Rank: Species

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The Wild horse can be found in a number of locations including: Asia. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Wild horse distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Temperate grassland Temperate grassland
Temperate grasslands include the prairies of North America, the steppes of Russia and the pampas of Argentina. Summers here are mild to hot and the winters can sometimes be very cold – for instance, blizzards can blanket the great plains of the United States.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Critically Endangered

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Increasing

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

BBC News about Wild horse