A capercaillie calling (c) Jamie MacArthur


Capercaillies found in Scottish woodlands are the biggest species of grouse in the world. They also live in Spain, central Europe, Scandinavia and across Russia to northern Asia. The Scottish population was introduced from Sweden in the 19th century after the local birds became extinct.

Scientific name: Tetrao urogallus

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Capercaillie taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Capercaillie can be found in a number of locations including: Asia, Europe, Russia, United Kingdom. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Capercaillie distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.


Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Year assessed: 2009

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

BBC News about Capercaillie

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