A portrait of a warthog


Warthogs are common wild pigs found in the open woodlands and savannas of Africa. Family groups are called soundings. Warthogs never stray far from wallowing places used for cooling down during the day, and the burrrows in which they huddle together for warmth at night. When it comes to their main predator, the lion, warthogs wisely flee rather than fight. They back into their burrows so they face any intruders, tusks facing out. However, their large curved upper tusks and sharper lower tusks are more often used to dig up roots and bulbs.

Scientific name: Phacochoerus africanus

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Warthog taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Warthog can be found in a number of locations including: Africa. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Warthog distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Tropical grassland Tropical grassland
Tropical grasslands include the savanna usually associated with Africa, and savanna-type grasslands found in India, Australia, Nepal and the Americas. They are characterised by drought-resistant shrubs and grasses, dotted with trees such as acacias or baobabs.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Stable

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

BBC News about Warthog

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