Warthogs are common wild pigs found in the open woodlands and savannas of Africa. Family groups are called soundings. Warthogs never stray far from wallowing places used for cooling down during the day, and the burrrows in which they huddle together for warmth at night. When it comes to their main predator, the lion, warthogs wisely flee rather than fight. They back into their burrows so they face any intruders, tusks facing out. However, their large curved upper tusks and sharper lower tusks are more often used to dig up roots and bulbs.
Scientific name: Phacochoerus africanus
Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.
The Warthog can be found in a number of locations including: Africa. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.
The following habitats are found across the Warthog distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.
Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.
Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
Population trend: Stable
Year assessed: 2008
Classified by: IUCN 3.1
The warthog or common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) is a wild member of the pig family (Suidae) found in grassland, savanna, and woodland in sub-Saharan Africa. In the past, it was commonly treated as a subspecies of P. aethiopicus, but today that scientific name is restricted to the desert warthog of northern Kenya, Somalia, and eastern Ethiopia.
The common name comes from the four large, wart-like protrusions found on the head of the warthog, which serve as a fat reserve and are used for defense when males fight. Afrikaans-speaking people call the animal vlakvark, meaning "pig of the plains".
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