Two southern stingrays swim over the sea bed

Stingrays

Stingrays are a family of cartilaginous fish containing nine genera and about 70 species. They can be found in all tropical and sub-tropical seas, and there is also a freshwater-only sub-family - the river rays. A flattened body shape and disc-shaped pectoral fins help stingrays live and hide in sand and mud underwater. The famous barbed stinger on the tail is only used in self-defence, often when they are stepped on in shallow waters.

Scientific name: Dasyatidae

Rank: Family

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Distribution

The Stingrays can be found in a number of locations including: Great Barrier Reef, Mediterranean. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.

Habitats

The following habitats are found across the Stingrays distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Behaviours

Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

When they lived

Discover the other animals and plants that lived during the following geological time periods.

BBC News about Stingrays

Video collections

Take a trip through the natural world with our themed collections of video clips from the natural history archive.

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