Steller’s sea eagles are native to eastern Russia, inhabiting coastal cliffs and estuaries where they can easily access good fishing territories. They feed primarily on salmon, which they catch by swooping from perches located by the water's edge. Pairs are monogamous and hatch an average of two chicks each season, although crows and martens commonly take both eggs and young birds from the nest. During winter a small number of birds remain in Russia to tough it out, but the majority fly south to Japan.
Scientific name: Haliaeetus pelagicus
The world's largest eagle.
The rare Steller's sea eagle has a 3m (9ft) wingspan. Many of the 2,000 remaining pairs nest on the Russian Pacific coastline.
Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.
The following habitats are found across the Steller's sea eagle distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.
Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.
Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
Population trend: Decreasing
Year assessed: 2008
Classified by: IUCN 3.1