Portrait of a serval cat


Servals are long-legged cats, widely distributed in Sub Saharan Africa, with the extraordinary capability of leaping three metres in the air to catch birds and insects in flight. Servals are carnivorous and their diet consists mostly of hares and mole rats, which they catch by pouncing and landing on their victims with both front paws. This is actually a very efficient way of hunting and almost half of these giant leaps are successful.

Scientific name: Leptailurus serval

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Serval taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Serval can be found in a number of locations including: Africa. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Serval distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Stable

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Mammals
  5. Carnivora
  6. Cats
  7. Leptailurus
  8. Serval