Red salmon jumping up a waterfall

Salmon family

Salmon family includes trout, whitefish, chars and graylings - together they form a family of ray-finned fish. Found throughout the northern hemisphere, the family includes species important to commercial and sport interests, which has resulted in their introduction to other waters of the world. Almost all species are anadromous: they live in the open ocean and swim up river to spawn in clean and cold freshwater. These are mostly large, predatory fish that reach lengths of up to two metres and prey on crustaceans, insects and smaller fish.

Scientific name: Salmonidae

Rank: Family


The following habitats are found across the Salmon family distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.


Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

When they lived

Discover the other animals and plants that lived during the following geological time periods.


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Bony fish
  5. Ray-finned fishes
  6. Salmoniformes
  7. Salmon family

BBC News about Salmon family