Two European salamanders partially submerged in water

True salamanders and newts

Salamanders and newts are small and often brightly coloured. The bright contrasting colours are a warning to others as all salamanders and newts produce toxic skin secretions, some of which are highly poisonous. This family is informaly split into two groups: the smooth-skinned 'true salamaders' found predominantly in Europe and the rough-skinned newts that are more widely distributed through Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Currently, the number of species in this amphibian family stands at around 75.

Scientific name: Salamandridae

Rank: Family


Map showing the distribution of the True salamanders and newts taxa

The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.


The following habitats are found across the True salamanders and newts distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.


Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

When they lived

Discover the other animals and plants that lived during the following geological time periods.


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Amphibians
  5. Salamanders
  6. True salamanders and newts