Close-up of the Lanzas salamander


Salamanders are amphibians, although they may look lizard-like in appearance. Salamander species vary in size from under 3cm to about 180cm in length. No matter what their size, they need to stick to moist or wet environments, or they will dehydrate.

Scientific name: Caudata

Rank: Order


Map showing the distribution of the Salamanders taxa

The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

BBC News about Salamanders

Elsewhere on the BBC