Pigeon in flight


Pigeons are domesticated rock doves that have returned to wild or semi-wild conditions. Some were domesticated for food, others as homing pigeons and some as ‘fancy’ pigeons bred for their plumage. Wild rock doves feed on seeds but the diet of the pigeon has grown to include food discarded by well-intentioned people. With all this food available, numbers are on the up, but these colourful, head-bobbing city dwellers don't have everything their own way. Peregrine falcons are increasingly exploiting them as a food source.

Did you know?
Pigeons only have 40 taste buds, we have 10,000.

All you need to know about British birds.

Scientific name: Columba livia

Rank: Species

Common names:

  • Common pigeon,
  • Feral pigeon,
  • Feral rock dove,
  • Rock dove,
  • Rock pigeon

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Map showing the distribution of the Pigeon taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Pigeon can be found in a number of locations including: Africa, Asia, China, Europe, Indian subcontinent, Madagascar, Mediterranean, Russia, United Kingdom, Wales. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Pigeon distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Year assessed: 2009

Classified by: IUCN 3.1


BBC News about Pigeon

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