Lesser anteater walking along a tree branch

Anteaters and sloths

Anteaters and sloths are native to the Americas. There are 10 living species in this order, including the tamanduas, two-toed sloths and three-toed sloths.

Scientific name: Pilosa

Rank: Order


Map showing the distribution of the Anteaters and sloths taxa

The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

Explore this group

Prehistoric life

Giant ground sloths Giant ground sloths
Although related to modern tree sloths, giant ground sloths resembled no other animal: they lived on the ground, rivalled the mammoths in size and were some of the strangest mammals ever. Their remarkable claws were up to 50cm long, the size of a man’s forearm.


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Mammals
  5. Anteaters and sloths

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