Lesser anteater walking along a tree branch

Anteaters and sloths

Anteaters and sloths are native to the Americas. There are 10 living species in this order, including the tamanduas, two-toed sloths and three-toed sloths.

Scientific name: Pilosa

Rank: Order


Map showing the distribution of the Anteaters and sloths taxa

The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

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Prehistoric life

Giant ground sloths Giant ground sloths
Although related to modern tree sloths, giant ground sloths resembled no other animal: they lived on the ground, rivalled the mammoths in size and were some of the strangest mammals ever. Their remarkable claws were up to 50cm long, the size of a man’s forearm.


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Mammals
  5. Anteaters and sloths

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