Weighing some 20 tonnes and standing 5.5 metres at the shoulder, Paraceratherium currently holds the record as the largest land mammal ever identified. It was a relative of the rhinoceros, belonging to a family of hornless rhinos, but had a giraffe-like lifestyle, feeding on the leaves of trees. Paraceratherium also goes by the names of Indricotherium and Baluchitherium, as the fossil discoveries have been given many different names. There were several different species of Paraceratherium.
Scientific name: Paraceratherium
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Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
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