Grasshoppers and crickets are part of an insect order called the Orthoptera, which also includes wetas and katydids. Most types are good at jumping, although some - such as the mole cricket - cannot jump. Juvenile orthopterans are miniature copies of the adults, except that they lack functional wings.
Scientific name: Orthoptera
Learn more about the other animals and plants that also form these fossils.
Orthoptera is an order of insects with paurometabolous or incomplete metamorphosis, including the grasshoppers, crickets, cave crickets, Jerusalem crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, Acrida, and locusts. Many insects in this order produce sound (known as a "stridulation") by rubbing their wings against each other or their legs, the wings or legs containing rows of corrugated bumps. The tympanum or ear is located in the front tibia in crickets, mole crickets, and katydids, and on the first abdominal segment in the grasshoppers and locusts. These organisms use vibrations to locate other individuals.
Grasshoppers are able to fold their wings, placing them in the group Neoptera.
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