Fulmar sitting on grass (c) John Moncrieff


Fulmars are identifiable by the prominent, tubular nostrils on top of their bills. Breeding pairs are monogamous and rejoin their mates each year at the same nest site. Fulmar chicks greet potential predators with a particularly hostile reception, bringing up a stinking oily substance from their stomachs and squirting it in an accurately aimed jet. Fulmars are one of the few species of bird with a well-developed sense of smell, which they employ to detect fish oil scents when searching for prey.

See a summer’s seabird ‘city’ spectacular.

Scientific name: Fulmarus glacialis

Rank: Species

Common names:

  • Arctic fulmar,
  • Northern fulmar

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Map showing the distribution of the Fulmar taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Fulmar can be found in a number of locations including: Arctic, Europe, Russia, United Kingdom, Wales. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Fulmar distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Year assessed: 2009

Classified by: IUCN 3.1