Brown kiwi walking on ground

North Island brown kiwi

Kiwis are the national bird of New Zealand and North Island brown kiwis are the most common. Like all kiwis the females lay very large eggs, which can be up to a quarter of their own body weight. The male takes over incubation after the females have laid the eggs.

Scientific name: Apteryx mantelli

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the North Island brown kiwi taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.


The following habitats are found across the North Island brown kiwi distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Broadleaf forest Broadleaf forest
Broadleaf forests are the dominant habitat of the UK and most of temperate northern Europe. There's little left of Britain's ancient wildwood, but isolated pockets of oak, beech and mixed deciduous and evergreen woodlands are scattered across the continent, and dictate its biodiversity.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status


  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Decreasing

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Birds
  5. Ostriches and rheas
  6. Apterygidae
  7. Kiwis
  8. North Island brown kiwi