Musk ox portrait showing head and fur

Musk ox

Musk oxen are truly arctic animals, well-adapted to their extreme environment with a superbly insulated, long, thick coat of dark brown hair and woolly undercoat. They became extinct across much of their range in Europe and Alaska, largely as a result of over-hunting, but have been successfully reintroduced.

Scientific name: Ovibos moschatus

Rank: Species

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Distribution

Map showing the distribution of the Musk ox taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Musk ox can be found in a number of locations including: Arctic, North America, Russia. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.

Habitats

The following habitats are found across the Musk ox distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Tundra Tundra
Tundra is the cold, treeless region around the poles that has permafrost as one of its defining features. Even at the height of summer, the soil a few centimetres under the surface remains frozen.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Stable

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

Video collections

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