Herd of Mongolian gazelle

Mongolian gazelle

Mongolian gazelles, sometimes known as zeren, are nomadic and wander across remote corners of Mongolia in search of grazing. They sometimes form mega-herds, with the largest ever recorded having around 250,000 members. The birthing season is variable and depends on the climatic conditions during the previous year, but 90% of the females in a herd will give birth within a four day period. This birth synchrony is an efficient strategy to combat the short growing season and the impact of predators.

Scientific name: Procapra gutturosa

Rank: Species

Common names:


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Map showing the distribution of the Mongolian gazelle taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Mongolian gazelle can be found in a number of locations including: Asia, China. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Mongolian gazelle distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Unknown

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

BBC News about Mongolian gazelle

  • Largest herd of gazelles sighted A mega-herd of a quarter of a million Mongolian gazelles has been seen gathering on the country's steppes, one of the world's last great wildernesses.

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