A mixed herd of elephants, zebras and gazelles

Mammals

Mammals are a class of vertebrates characterised by warm-blood, hairy bodies, a four-chambered heart, a single jaw bone, sweat glands and - in females - mammary glands for suckling young. Some mammals, such as naked mole rats and whales have lost some or all of their hair. Almost all mammals give birth to live young, but there are a few that lay eggs. These are known as monotremes, and include the platypus.

Scientific name: Mammalia

Rank: Class

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Distribution

Map showing the distribution of the Mammals taxa

The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

Mammal size range

A graphic illustration comparing the size of elephant species compared with humans, from largest to smallest: Songhua River mam

A comparison of elephant size in relation to humans - from the 5m tall, 17 tonne Songhua River mammoth to the 2m tall, 900kg pygmy mammoth.

Classification

  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Mammals

Video collections

Take a trip through the natural world with our themed collections of video clips from the natural history archive.