Lemurs are an old group of primates which evolved in near isolation after Madagascar split away from the African mainland. They filled the ecological niches occupied by monkeys, the dominant primates, on mainland Africa. As there was no competition from monkeys on Madagascar, lemurs soon came to dominate its rainforests, until boats started to arrive around 2,000 years ago and human hunters arrived. Lemur size ranges from the world's smallest primate to - until fairly recently - some of its largest, the sloth lemurs, which rivalled gorillas in size.
Did you know?
Lemurs are named after the lemures (ghosts or spirits) of Roman mythology.
Scientific name: Lemuriformes
Rare footage of the world's smallest primate.
These tiny and vulnerable nocturnal primates are rightly very wary of light. The HD camera's capacity to record in low light wasn't sufficient, so the crew rigged up a dimmer switch to habituate the lemurs to increasing levels gradually, over several weeks. A sophisticated rope access system enabled the crew to film high up in the baobab trees.
The Lemurs can be found in a number of locations including: Madagascar. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.
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Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
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