The ants, bees, wasps, horntails and sawflies are all in the order Hymenoptera. The group is very diverse with solitary and social species, herbivores and carnivores, and parasitic and non-parasitic lifestyles. All species hatch out as grubs, then later pupate into their adult shape. Females usually have a long, thin, egg-laying organ called an ovipositor. In some species this has developed into a sting.
Scientific name: Hymenoptera
Learn more about the other animals and plants that also form these fossils.
The Hymenoptera are one of the largest orders of insects, comprising the sawflies, wasps, bees and ants. Over 150,000 species are recognized, with many more remaining to be described. The name refers to the wings of the insects, and is derived from the Ancient Greek ὑμήν (hymen): membrane and πτερόν (pteron): wing. The hind wings are connected to the fore wings by a series of hooks called hamuli.
Females typically have a special ovipositor for inserting eggs into hosts or otherwise inaccessible places. The ovipositor is often modified into a stinger. The young develop through holometabolism, (complete metamorphosis) — that is, they have a worm-like larval stage and an inactive pupal stage before they mature.
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