A male and female broad-tailed hummingbird feeding on a musk thistle


Hummingbirds are a diverse family of over 300 species. They have feet so tiny that they cannot walk on the ground, and find it awkward to shuffle along a perch. Hummingbirds eat nectar for the most part, although they may catch an insect now and then for a protein boost. Their super fast wing beats use up a lot of energy, so they spend most of the day sitting around resting. To save energy at night, many species go into torpor.

Did you know?
The vervain hummingbird lays claim to the world's smallest bird egg, just 1cm long and weighing a mere 0.3g.

Scientific name: Trochilidae

Rank: Family

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Map showing the distribution of the Hummingbirds taxa

The shading illustrates the diversity of this group - the darker the colour the greater the number of species. Data provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Hummingbirds can be found in a number of locations including: Amazon Rainforest, South America. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.

BBC News about Hummingbirds

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