Humboldt penguin diving underwater

Humboldt penguin

Humboldt penguins are thought to be declining in number. One of the reasons is due to El Nino increasing water temperatures and reducing food supply. They breed on the Pacific coast of South America and offshore islands of Chile and Peru.

Scientific name: Spheniscus humboldti

Rank: Species

Common names:

  • Patranca,
  • Peruvian penguin

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Map showing the distribution of the Humboldt penguin taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Humboldt penguin can be found in a number of locations including: South America. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Humboldt penguin distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status


  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Decreasing

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Birds
  5. Sphenisciformes
  6. Penguins
  7. Banded penguins
  8. Humboldt penguin

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