Midge biting a human

Highland midge

Highland midges are notorious UK summer pests. They're found not only in Scotland but also in areas of boggy and acidic soil in mainland Europe, Russia and China. In Scotland, they are also known as the Highland biting midge, and for good reason, as this species is responsible for 90% of the midge bites to humans. It is the large, cloud-forming numbers that help to make this tiny fly such a great nuisance. In prime breeding grounds it has been estimated that larvae can reach an incredible density of 24 million per hectare.

Scientific name: Culicoides impunctatus

Rank: Species

Common names:

Highland biting midge

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The Highland midge can be found in a number of locations including: Asia, China, Europe, Russia, United Kingdom. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Highland midge distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.


Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Arthropods
  4. Insects
  5. Flies
  6. Ceratopogonidae
  7. Culicoides
  8. Highland midge

BBC News about Highland midge