Golden eagle perched on a rock

Golden eagle

Golden eagles are a magnificent sight in Britain, although not a common one. Heavily persecuted in the past, these birds are now gradually increasing in number with 400 breeding pairs thought to be in Scotland at present. Pairs mate for life, using just one nest site year after year. Wonderful aerial courtship displays are performed with plunging and looping flights, and although these birds are most often seen soaring high on thermals, they also practice the art of ambushing their quarry from near ground level.

All you need to know about British birds.

Scientific name: Aquila chrysaetos

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Golden eagle taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Golden eagle can be found in a number of locations including: Africa, Asia, China, Europe, Himalayas, Indian subcontinent, Mediterranean, North America, Russia, United Kingdom. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Golden eagle distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Year assessed: 2009

Classified by: IUCN 3.1