Gelada baboons are not actually true baboons, although they look very similar and are easily recognisable by the patches of hairless skin on their chest, which turns crimson when females are in oestrus. They are in fact the last surviving species of a once widespread group of grass-grazing primates. Geladas live in large groups of as many as 600 members. Such a complex society requires clear communication, and geladas use visual signals, such as facial expression and body posture, to interact.
Scientific name: Theropithecus gelada
Gelada baboons were one of Africa’s successful primates; they are now living on the edge.
Gelada baboons were one of Africa’s most successful primates; they are now a species living on the edge.
Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.
The Gelada baboon can be found in a number of locations including: Africa. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.
The following habitats are found across the Gelada baboon distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.
Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.
Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
Population trend: Decreasing
Year assessed: 2008
Classified by: IUCN 3.1