Two male gelada baboons sitting on a rock

Gelada baboon

Gelada baboons are not actually true baboons, although they look very similar and are easily recognisable by the patches of hairless skin on their chest, which turns crimson when females are in oestrus. They are in fact the last surviving species of a once widespread group of grass-grazing primates. Geladas live in large groups of as many as 600 members. Such a complex society requires clear communication, and geladas use visual signals, such as facial expression and body posture, to interact.

Scientific name: Theropithecus gelada

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Gelada baboon taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Gelada baboon can be found in a number of locations including: Africa. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Gelada baboon distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Decreasing

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Mammals
  5. Primates
  6. Old world monkeys
  7. Theropithecus
  8. Gelada baboon

BBC News about Gelada baboon