Longlure frogfish camouflaged in sponge


Frogfish can jet propel themselves along or use their pelvic fins to walk across the sea floor, inflating like a pufferfish when threatened. These stocky anglerfish have a plump, often brightly coloured, body. The unusual shape and skin texture allows them to blend in with the reefs on which they live.

A modified dorsal fin topped with a wriggling lure is used to attract their prey. This lure resembles a fish, shrimp or worm and can be folded back between the other dorsal fins for protection. If lost or eaten the lure can be regenerated.

Frogfish are carnivores, eating fish, crustaceans and even one another. After mating the smaller male must retreat quickly or risk being eaten.

Scientific name: Antennariidae

Rank: Family

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The Frogfish can be found in a number of locations including: Africa, Asia, Australia, North America. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Frogfish distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.


Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web