Wood ants carrying an egg

Scottish wood ant

In Britain, the Scottish wood ant is found in the Highlands, Skye and Arran, but also in Armagh in Northern Ireland. It is also found in Europe. They are carnivorous, and prey on many insects that eat pine needles, thus the ants help to keep their pine wood habitat healthy.

Scientific name: Formica aquilonia

Rank: Species

Common names:

Wood ant

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Map showing the distribution of the Scottish wood ant taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Scottish wood ant can be found in a number of locations including: Europe, United Kingdom. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Scottish wood ant distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Near Threatened

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Year assessed: 1996

Classified by: IUCN 2.3