Wood ants are usually found where there is plenty of dead wood for nest building. However, some of the 200 species do like to live on open grassland. Their conspicuous mounds offer protection from predators and the weather, and are also a stable and comfortable place to incubate eggs. Wood ants are very social insects living in colonies of up to half a million individuals, most of which are female workers. This genus of ants is widely distributed throughout Europe, Asia and North America.
Scientific name: Formica
The following habitats are found across the Wood ants distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.
Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.
Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
Formica is a genus of ants of the family Formicidae, commonly known as wood ants, mound ants, thatching ants, and field ants. Formica is the type genus of the Formicidae, and of the subfamily Formicinae. The type species of genus Formica is the European red wood ant Formica rufa.
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