A swarm of non-biting midge flies


Flies, also known as true flies to distinguish them from creatures such as caddisflies and mayflies, are an order of insects which includes such familiar species as the midge, the bluebottle and the fruit fly. Some estimates put the total number of fly species at around a million, though only a fraction of these have been formally described by scientists.

Scientific name: Diptera

Rank: Order

Common names:

  • Diptera,
  • True Flies

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The Flies can be found in a number of locations including: Africa, Asia, Australia, China, Europe, Indian subcontinent, Mediterranean, North America, South America, United Kingdom, Wales, Ynys-hir nature reserve. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.

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Fossil types

Learn more about the other animals and plants that also form these fossils.

Amber Amber
Amber owes its existence to the defence mechanisms of certain kinds of tree. When the bark is punctured or infected, a sticky resin oozes out to seal the damage and sterilise the area.

BBC News about Flies

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