Bullfinches are plump, colourful birds, males sport a bright rosy-red breast and cheeks, white rump and a stubby bill. They are usually found in pairs or small family groups, except in spring when they gather in flocks of 50 or more. Bullfinches are widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia, and in the UK they can be seen everywhere except for the very north and west of Scotland.
In spring, when seeds and berries are scarce, bullfinches have a voracious appetite for the buds of fruit trees and can cause severe damage to potential fruit crops. This problem was so serious that at one time they were trapped but with bullfinch numbers declining in recent years, this can now only be done with a licence.
Scientific name: Pyrrhula pyrrhula
The following habitats are found across the Bullfinch distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.
Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.
Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
Year assessed: 2009
Classified by: IUCN 3.1
The Bullfinch, Common Bullfinch or Eurasian Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. In Anglophone Europe it is known simply as Bullfinch, as it is the original bird to bear the name bullfinch.
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