Eupleridae are a unique family of carnivores restricted to the island of Madagascar. It is thought that they evolved from an ancestor that rafted over from the African mainland around 20 million years ago. Members of this small family have little in common in appearance other than slender bodies and small heads. Otherwise, there's a wide variety of form, function and lifestyle from the cat-like fossa, that can be explored further from the image link below, to the small mongoose-like falanoucs. The giant fossa became extinct during the last century and all 10 remaining Eupleridae species are seriously under threat from habitat destruction and predation by introduced species.
Scientific name: Eupleridae
The Eupleridae can be found in a number of locations including: Madagascar. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.
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Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web
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The Eupleridae is a family of carnivorans endemic to Madagascar and comprising 10 known living species in seven genera. Probably the best known species is the fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox), in the subfamily Euplerinae. All species of Euplerinae were formerly classified as viverrids, while all species in the subfamily Galidiinae were classified as herpestids.
Recent molecular studies indicate that the 10 living species of Madagascar carnivorans evolved from one ancestor that is thought to have rafted over from mainland Africa 18-24 million years ago. This makes Malagasy carnivorans a clade. They are closely allied with the true herpestid mongooses, their closest living relatives. The fossa and the Malagasy civet (Fossa fossana) are believed to be the most ancient surviving species within this group.
All Eupleridae are considered threatened species due to habitat destruction, as well as predation and competition from non-native species.
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