Profile of a sitting simien jackal

Ethiopian wolf

Ethiopian wolves number fewer than 500 in the wild, and have the unfortunate title of the most threatened canid in the world. They are the only wolf species to exist in Africa, reduced to a handful of mountain ranges by pressures on their habitat. Ethiopian wolves live in close-knit territorial packs. Strong social bonds exist between members of the group. Adults gather to patrol and mark the territory at dawn and dusk repelling intruders, but individual pack members tend to forage alone.

Scientific name: Canis simensis

Rank: Species

Common names:

  • Abyssinian fox,
  • Red fox,
  • Red jackal,
  • Simien fox,
  • Simien jackal

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Map showing the distribution of the Ethiopian wolf taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Ethiopian wolf can be found in a number of locations including: Africa. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Ethiopian wolf distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status


  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Decreasing

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

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